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Pulsed-laser annealing, a low-thermal-budget technique for eliminating stress gradient in poly-SiGe MEMS structures

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3 Author(s)
S. Sedky ; Phys. Dept., American Univ., Cairo, Egypt ; R. T. Howe ; Tsu-Jae King

In this paper, we demonstrate eliminating the stress gradient in polycrystalline silicon germanium films at temperatures compatible with standard CMOS (Al interconnects) backend processing. First, we study the effect of varying the germanium concentration from 40% to 90%, layer thickness, deposition pressure from 650 to 800 mtorr and deposition temperature from 400 to 450°C, on the mechanical properties of SiGe films. Then the effect of excimer laser annealing (248 nm, 38 ns, 780 mJ/cm2) on stress gradient is analyzed. It is demonstrated that stress gradient can be eliminated completely by depositing SixGe1-x(10%

Published in:

Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 4 )