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A harmonic acoustic wave, fed back by a reflecting target, modifies the electric impedance of the emitter. This effect is studied using a tightly focused beam and various flat targets with known reflection coefficients, which are placed at pressure maxima or minima of the standing wave in the focal zone. It is possible to establish relationships that allow one to determine, for flat targets with unknown acoustic properties, the acoustic impedance and reflection coefficient of the target as well as the acoustic pressure present at the target, only from measurements of the absorbed power and the emitter voltage.
Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:51 , Issue: 1 )
Date of Publication: Jan. 2004