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We measured the endocardial convective heat transfer coefficient h at 22 locations in the cardiac chambers of 15 pigs in vivo. A thin-film Pt catheter tip sensor in a Wheatstonebridge circuit, similar to a hot wire/film anemometer, measured h. Using fluoroscopy, we could precisely locate the steerable catheter sensor tip and sensor orientation in pigs' cardiac chambers. With flows, h varies from 2500 to 9500 W/m2·K. With zero flow, h is approximately 2400 W/m2·K. These values of h can be used for the finite element method modeling of radiofrequency cardiac catheter ablation.
Date of Publication: Aug. 2004