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The automotive industry is currently considering the introduction of short-range radars (SRR) operating near 24 GHz for improving road traffic safety. SSRs are intended to observe the full azimuthal space cover around a vehicle using up to eight sensors. The sensors would operate in an ultrawideband (UWB) mode, occupying 3-5 GHz of bandwidth. Interference from SRR transmitters with passive microwave remote sensing satellites used for weather and climate monitoring could occur as the result of several coupling mechanisms, including direct coupling via the transmit antenna beam and scattering and diffraction of the transmitted signals from leading vehicles, buildings, and other nearby objects. In this study, we estimate the amount of coupling anticipated to occur from SRRs, including the direct and scattered contributions. The calculations are based on bistatic scattering measurements of a typical automobile and ray optical simulations of reflection and propagation in an urban environment. Using these calculations, the maximum allowable SRR transmitted power for interference levels acceptable for meteorological and climatological remote sensing applications are quantified. The study provides criteria for SRR operation with the Earth Exploration Satellite Service on a noninterference basis.
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:42 , Issue: 7 )
Date of Publication: July 2004