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An inversion technique based on the merging of microwave remotely sensed data is applied to ground-based radiometer and scatterometer data acquired for the same area. The purpose of this technique is to retrieve the dielectric constant of bare soils. The algorithm is based on a Bayesian approach and combines prior information on the dielectric constant and surface roughness with observed data, in order to obtain a marginal posterior probability density function. The function describes how the probability is distributed within the range of the dielectric constant values, given the measured values of emissivity and backscattering coefficient. The algorithm allows for the incorporation of all the available sources of information, such as multipolarization and multifrequency data. Several criteria, which have been used to compare the predicted and the observed values, show that for dielectric constant values higher than 10 the best performance is achieved when data with one polarization and one or two frequencies are exploited. For dielectric constant values of less than 10, the configuration with two polarizations produces the best estimates.