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A tunable Bose-Einstein condensate of cesium atoms

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5 Author(s)
T. Weber ; Institut fur Exp., Innsbruck Univ., Austria ; J. Herbig ; M. Mark ; H. -C. Nagerl
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The achievement of a Bose-Einstein condensate of cesium in the lowest internal state (F=3, mF=3) by evaporative cooling in an optical trap is reported. The corresponding scattering length shows a strong dependence on magnetic field, varying from large negative to large positive values in a conveniently accessible magnetic field range due to a unusual combination of broad and narrow Feshbach resonances. The inelastic processes resulting from this complex scattering behavior in thermal ensembles is studied. These measurements have been of crucial importance for identifying a suitable path in phase space towards condensation. In first experiments, the strong dependence of the condensate mean-field energy on the magnetic field is demonstrated. By briefly switching to different scattering lengths just before releasing the sample from the trap, imploding, exploding, and non-interacting 'frozen' condensates are produced. We will employ the tunable interaction in further experiments by looking at molecule formation on Feshbach resonances and exploring condensate dynamics at extreme values of the scattering length.

Published in:

Quantum Electronics Conference, 2003. EQEC '03. European

Date of Conference:

22-27 June 2003