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The problem of super-resolution time delay estimation in multipath environments is addressed in this paper. Two cases, active and passive systems, are considered. The time delay estimation is first converted into a sinusoidal parameter estimation problem. Then the sinusoidal parameters are estimated by generalizing the multiple signal classification (MUSIC) algorithm for single-experiment data. The proposed method, referred to as the MUSIC-type algorithm, approximates the Cramer-Rao bound (CRB) in terms of the mean square errors (MSKs) for different signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) and separations of multipath components. Simulation results show that the MUSIC-type algorithm performs better than the classical correlation approach and the conventional MUSIC method for the closely spaced components in multipath environments.