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Polarization diversity measurements and analysis for antenna configurations at 1800 MHz

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4 Author(s)
Narayanan, R.M. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Univ. of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE, USA ; Atanassov, K. ; Stoiljkovic, V. ; Kadambi, G.R.

In wireless communication systems, multipath interference has a significant impact on system design and performance. Fast fading variations are caused by the coherent summation of multiple echoes from many reflection points reaching the receive antenna. Antenna diversity is one technique that can be used to overcome multipath fading. A test system used to measure the diversity performance of an antenna pair was used to experimentally determine the complex correlation coefficient between the two antenna branches. A local mean estimation algorithm based on the channel mean square error equalization was implemented. Thus, the two parameters that determine the expected diversity gain, i.e., the complex correlation coefficient and the mean level signal difference, were estimated. The test system was used to evaluate the polarization diversity performance of different antenna pairs in Rayleigh and Rician environments, both in the absence and in the presence of a human head phantom.

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:52 ,  Issue: 7 )