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Single-switch parallel power factor correction AC-DC converters with inherent load current feedback

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4 Author(s)
Qun Zhao ; Int. Rectifier, El Segundo, CA, USA ; Ming Xu ; Lee, F.C. ; Jinrong Qian

Single-stage power factor correction (PFC) ac-dc converters usually suffer from high bulk capacitor voltage stress and extra switch current stress. Bulk capacitor voltage feedback with a coupled-winding structure can dramatically alleviate the stresses. However, this type of feedback is indirect because the feedback only occurs after the bulk capacitor voltage increases. This paper presents a family of single-switch single-stage parallel PFC ac-dc converters with inherent load current feedback. Unlike the bulk capacitor voltage feedback, which utilizes the decreased duty ratio and the increased bulk capacitor voltage to reduce the input power at light load, the load current feedback can reduce the input power automatically at light load while maintaining an unchanged duty ratio. The proposed converters combine the advantages of simple topology, low bulk capacitor voltage, and no extra current stress across the switch. The concept is verified using an ac-dc converter with universal-line input and 5-V, 60-W output power. The input current harmonics meet IEC1000-3-2 Class D requirements.

Published in:

Power Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:19 ,  Issue: 4 )