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In this paper, we propose a new class of probabilistic neural networks (PNNs) working in nonstationary environment. The novelty is summarized as follows: 1) We formulate the problem of pattern classification in nonstationary environment as the prediction problem and design a probabilistic neural network to classify patterns having time-varying probability distributions. We note that the problem of pattern classification in the nonstationary case is closely connected with the problem of prediction because on the basis of a learning sequence of the length n, a pattern in the moment n+k, k≥1 should be classified. 2) We present, for the first time in literature, definitions of optimality of PNNs in time-varying environment. Moreover, we prove that our PNNs asymptotically approach the Bayes-optimal (time-varying) decision surface. 3) We investigate the speed of convergence of constructed PNNs. 4) We design in detail PNNs based on Parzen kernels and multivariate Hermite series.