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Multibaseline ATI-SAR for robust ocean surface velocity estimation

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4 Author(s)
Lombardini, F. ; Dept. of "Ingegneria dell''informazione", Pisa Univ., Italy ; Bordoni, F. ; Gini, F. ; Verrazzani, L.

An open problem of along-track interferometry (ATI) for synthetic aperture radar (SAR) sensing of ocean surface currents is the need of ancillary wind information for inversion of Doppler centroid measurements, that have to be compensated for the propagation velocity of advancing and/or receding Bragg scatterers. We propose three classes of estimators which exploit multibaseline (MB) ATI acquisition and Doppler resolution for robust data inversion under different degrees of a priori information about the wind direction and the value of the characteristic Bragg frequency. Performance analysis and comparison with conventional ATI show that the proposed MB estimators can produce accurate velocity estimates in the absence of detailed ancillary data.

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Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:40 ,  Issue: 2 )