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Fiber-optic-based current and Voltage measuring system for high-Voltage distribution lines

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1 Author(s)
Werneck, M.M. ; Univ. Fed. de Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

A system for temporary measurement of voltage and current simultaneously in high-voltage distribution lines was developed. The sensing heads use a resistive divider and a magnetic pickup for sampling voltage and current, respectively. A self-powered transmitter converts both signals into a pulse-frequency-modulated optical signal for transmission in multimode optical fiber. At ground potential, the optical signal is received and demodulated back into voltage and current signals. Then, a microcontroller calculates V and I for the three phases as well as VA, power factor, and watt-hour, storing these in memory. The system exhibits all data in instantaneous mode and stores 5-min mean values of a period of up to ten days. Optionally, the data can be collected by a personal computer through a standard RS-232C serial port. The system linearity for both current and voltage is better than 2% in the range of 0 to 800 A and 0 to 15 kV, respectively. It can be installed by live-line techniques in less than 10 min, without de-energizing the line.

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Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:19 ,  Issue: 3 )