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Sliding-mode tracking control of nonholonomic wheeled mobile robots in polar coordinates

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1 Author(s)
Dongkyoung Chwa ; Sch. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Seoul Nat. Univ., South Korea

This brief proposes a sliding-mode control method for wheeled-mobile robots in polar coordinates. A new sliding-mode control method is proposed for mobile robots with kinematics in two-dimensional polar coordinates. In the proposed method, two controllers are designed to asymptotically stabilize the tracking errors in position and heading direction, respectively. By combining these controllers together, both asymptotic posture (position and heading direction) stabilization and trajectory tracking are achieved for reference trajectories at global regions except the arbitrary small region around the origin. In particular, constraints on the desired linear and angular velocities as well as the posture of the mobile robot are eliminated unlike the previous studies based on kinematics expressed in polar coordinates. Accordingly, arbitrary trajectories including a circle and a straight line in various forms can be followed even with large initial tracking errors and bounded disturbances. The stability and performance analyzes are performed and also simulations are included to confirm the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.

Published in:

Control Systems Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:12 ,  Issue: 4 )