Skip to Main Content
In this paper, we introduce new algorithms for automatic tracking of multiaspect targets in cluttered image sequences. We depart from the conventional correlation filter/Kalman filter association approach to target tracking and propose instead a nonlinear Bayesian methodology that enables direct tracking from the image sequence incorporating the statistical models for the background clutter, target motion, and target aspect change. Proposed algorithms include 1) a batch hidden Markov model (HMM) smoother and a sequential HMM filter for joint multiframe target detection and tracking and 2) two mixed-state sequential importance sampling trackers based on the sampling/importance resampling (SIR) and the auxiliary particle filtering (APF) techniques. Performance studies show that the proposed algorithms outperform the association of a bank of template correlators and a Kalman filter in adverse scenarios of low target-to-clutter ratio and uncertainty in the true target aspect.