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From "macro" to "micro" manipulation: models and experiments

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4 Author(s)
Menciassi, A. ; CRIM Lab., Scuola Superiore Sant''Anna, Pisa, Italy ; Eisinberg, A. ; Izzo, I. ; Dario, P.

This paper addresses various problems related to manipulation in the micro domain, a field which is increasingly important for research and application. Grasping and manipulating parts with size ranging between a few micrometers and about 1 millimeter (defined in this paper as "micro parts") are required for an increasing number of applications: the assembly of micro systems and micro machines; and the operation in tiny and unpredictable environments, such as for inspection and interventions in pipes and for micro surgery. The aim of this work is to find out similarities and differences between traditional manipulation and micro manipulation, by investigating which requirements are still valid and which must be redefined when the object size scales down. The similarities between the two application domains "macro" and "micro" are pointed out along with the differences, and both are taken into account for the evaluation of different grasping typologies. Dedicated models for the adhesion forces arising at the micro level are presented, preliminarily tested, and discussed.

Published in:

Mechatronics, IEEE/ASME Transactions on  (Volume:9 ,  Issue: 2 )