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Identifying performance bottlenecks on modern microarchitectures using an adaptable probe

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4 Author(s)
Griem, G. ; Lawrence Berkeley Nat. Lab., CA, USA ; Oliker, L. ; Shalf, J. ; Yelick, K.

Summary form only given. The gap between peak and delivered performance for scientific applications running on microprocessor-based systems has grown considerably in recent years. The inability to achieve the desired performance even on a single processor is often attributed to an inadequate memory system, but without identification or quantification of a specific bottleneck. In this work, we use an adaptable synthetic benchmark to isolate application characteristics that cause a significant drop in performance, giving application programmers and architects information about possible optimizations. Our adaptable probe, called sqmat, uses only four parameters to capture key characteristics of scientific workloads: working-set size, computational intensity, indirection, and irregularity. This paper describes the implementation of sqmat and uses its tunable parameters to evaluate four leading 64-bit microprocessors that are popular building blocks for current high performance systems: Intel Itanium2, AMD Opteron, IBM Power3, and IBM Power4.

Published in:

Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium, 2004. Proceedings. 18th International

Date of Conference:

26-30 April 2004