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In this paper, a novel fuzzy logic control system is developed for reactive navigation of a behavior-based mobile robot in dynamic environments. A combination of multiple sensors is equipped to sense the obstacles near the robot, the target location and the current robot speed. A fuzzy logic system with 48 fuzzy rules is designed, which consists of three behaviors: target seeking, obstacle avoidance and barrier following. The "symmetric indecision" problem is resolved by several mandatory-turn rules, while the "dead cycle" problem is resolved by a state memory strategy. Under the control of the proposed fuzzy logic model, the mobile robot can preferably "see" the environment around, and avoid static and moving obstacles automatically. The robot can generate reasonable trajectories toward the target in various situations without suffering from the "symmetric indecision" and the "dead cycle" problems. The effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed approach are demonstrated by simulation studies.
Robotics and Automation, 2004. Proceedings. ICRA '04. 2004 IEEE International Conference on (Volume:5 )
Date of Conference: 26 April-1 May 2004