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We derive upper and lower bounds on the encoding and decoding complexity of two capacity-achieving ensembles of irregular repeat-accumulate (IRA1 and IRA2) codes on the binary erasure channel (BEC). These bounds are expressed in terms of the gap between the channel capacity and the rate of a typical code from this ensemble for which reliable communications is achievable under message-passing iterative (MPI) decoding. The complexity of the ensemble of IRA1 codes grows like the negative logarithm of the gap to capacity. On the other hand, the complexity of the ensemble of IRA2 codes with any choice of the degree distribution grows at least like the inverse square root of the gap to capacity, and at most like the inverse of the gap to capacity.
Date of Publication: June 2004