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Peano antennas

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3 Author(s)
Jinhui Zhu ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Villanova Univ., PA, USA ; Hoorfar, A. ; Engheta, N.

We investigate the radiation characteristics of the Peano antenna, i.e., a single antenna made of a thin wire, patterned after a special type of space-filling curve known as the Peano curve. We use a moment-method-based simulation code to study various properties of this antenna, namely, the radiation pattern, impedance bandwidth, current distribution, cross-polarization level, radiation efficiency, and the feed location for achieving an electrically small matched antenna. As in the case of the Hilbert antenna, the radiation patterns of a Peano antenna resemble those of a linear dipole; however, this antenna has a lower cross-polarization level than the Hilbert antenna and, for a matched Peano antenna, the resonant frequency is lower than the same order matched Hilbert antenna at the expense of a smaller input-impedance bandwidth.

Published in:

Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, IEEE  (Volume:3 ,  Issue: 1 )