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This paper proposes a new scheme for the lensed fiber employing a quadrangular-pyramid-shaped fiber endface (QPSFE) for coupling between the high-power 980-nm laser diodes and the single-mode fibers (SMFs). The QPSFE was fabricated by grinding and polishing techniques and then heating in a fusing splicer to form an elliptical microlens endface. A coupling efficiency of 83% has been demonstrated. Based on the far-field profile measurements, the higher coupling efficiency of the QPSFE lensed fiber was attributed to the better matching of both the elliptical Gaussian field distribution and the aspect ratio between the laser source and the fiber lens, The advantage of the QPSFE structure was to be able to control two axial curvatures, and, therefore, this novel QPSFE can form any different aspect ratios of elliptical microlenses to match the far field of the high-power diode lasers as well as the commercial diode lasers used in lightwave communications.
Date of Publication: May 2004