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The differential evolution strategy with individuals in groups (GDES) is proposed to solve the electromagnetic inverse scattering of multiple perfectly conducting cylinders with transverse magnetic wave incidence. The inverse problem is to locate the cylinders and reconstruct their contours, besides the determination on the number of cylinders. The governing electric field integral equations for the scattering problem are expressed as surface integrals over the cylinder contours. The scattering problem is solved using point-matching method with pulse basis and Dirac test functions. The inverse problem is cast into an optimization problem and solved using the GDES. Numerical reconstruction results show that both the quality of the reconstructed profile and the convergence performance are significantly improved, as compared to the original DES.