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Design of a wide input range DC-DC converter with a robust power control scheme suitable for fuel cell power conversion

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3 Author(s)
Todorovic, M.H. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Texas A&M Univ., College Station, TX, USA ; Palma, L. ; Enjeti, P.

This paper analysis and design of a wide input range DC-DC converter is proposed along with a robust power control scheme. The proposed converter and its control is designed to be compatible to a fuel cell power source, which exhibits 2:1 voltage variation as well as a slow transient response. The proposed approach consists of two stages: a conventional boost converter stage cascaded with a current-fed two-inductor boost converter topology, which has a higher voltage gain and isolation from the input source. The function of the first boost converter stage is to maintain a constant voltage at the input of the cascaded DC-DC converter to ensure optimal performance characteristics with high efficiency. At the output of the first boost converter a battery or ultracapacitor energy storage is connected to take care of the fuel cell slow transient response (200 watts/min). The robust features of the proposed control system ensure a constant output DC voltage for a variety of load fluctuations, thus limiting the power being delivered by the fuel cell during a load transient. Moreover, the proposed configuration simplifies the power control management and can interact with the fuel cell controller. The simulation results and the preliminary experimental results confirm the feasibility of the proposed system.

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Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition, 2004. APEC '04. Nineteenth Annual IEEE  (Volume:1 )

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