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Characterization of spiral inductors with patterned floating structures

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5 Author(s)
Chang, C.A. ; Inst. of Electron. Eng., Nat. Tsing Hua Univ., Hsinchu, Taiwan ; Sung-Pi Tseng ; Jun Yi Chuang ; Shiue-Shr Jiang
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The impact of two different types of floating patterns on spiral inductors was investigated. Both patterned trench isolation with a floating p/n junction and floating metal poles were implemented underneath reference spiral inductors. All three types of inductors have an identical spiral geometry. Combination of patterned trench isolation with a floating p/n junction increases maximum quality factor (Qmax) by 17% compared to the reference inductors. The floating metal poles enable adjustment of the frequency at Qmax (fmax) without hampering the Qmax. A ladder-type lump-element model was employed to analyze inductor performance after it was demonstrated to precisely capture behavior of all three inductors. Enhancement of the quality factor due to patterned trench isolation with a floating p/n junction was found to result from an increment of effective resistivity in substrates. Reduction of the frequency fmax due to the floating metal poles was caused by increasing effective coupling capacitance between the spiral inductors and substrate.

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Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:52 ,  Issue: 5 )