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Compressively strained Si0.7Ge0.3 surface-channel pMOSFETs with atomic layer deposition (ALD) Al2O3/HfO2/Al2O3 nanolaminate and low-pressure chemical vapor deposition p+ poly-SiGe gate electrode were fabricated. Surface treatment with either hydrogen fluoride (HF) clean, or HF clean followed by water rinse was performed prior to the ALD processing. The devices with water rinse show a good control of interfacial layer and device reproducibility, while the devices without water rinse lack a clearly observable interfacial layer and show scattered electrical characteristics and distorted mobility curve. A ∼20% increase in hole mobility compared to the Si universal mobility and a ∼0.6-nm-thick continuous interfacial layer are obtained for the pMOSFETs with water rinse.
Date of Publication: May 2004