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An analog neural hardware implementation using charge-injection multipliers and neutron-specific gain control

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2 Author(s)
L. W. Massengill ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN, USA ; D. B. Mundie

A neural network IC based on a dynamic charge injection is described. The hardware design is space and power efficient, and achieves massive parallelism of analog inner products via charge-based multipliers and spatially distributed summing buses. Basic synaptic cells are constructed of exponential pulse-decay modulation (EPDM) dynamic injection multipliers operating sequentially on propagating signal vectors and locally stored analog weights. Individually adjustable gain controls on each neutron reduce the effects of limited weight dynamic range. A hardware simulator/trainer has been developed which incorporates the physical (nonideal) characteristics of actual circuit components into the training process, thus absorbing nonlinearities and parametric deviations into the macroscopic performance of the network. Results show that charge-based techniques may achieve a high degree of neural density and throughput using standard CMOS processes

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks  (Volume:3 ,  Issue: 3 )