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Although surface integral equations have been extensively used for solving the scattering problem of arbitrarily shaped dielectric objects, when applied to the resonance problem, there are still some issues not fully addressed by the literature. In this paper, the method of moments with Rao-Wilton-Glisson basis functions is applied to the electric field integral equation (EFIE) for solving the resonance problem of dielectric objects. The resonant frequency is obtained by searching for the minimum of the reciprocal of the condition number of the impedance matrix in the complex frequency plane, and the modal field distribution is obtained through singular value decomposition (SVD). The determinant of the impedance matrix is not used since it is difficult to find its roots. For the exterior EFIE, the original basis functions are used as testing functions; for the interior EFIE, the basis functions rotated by 90° are used as testing functions. To obtain an accurate modal field solution, the impedance matrix needs to be reduced by half before SVD is applied to it. Numerical results are given and compared with those obtained by using the volume integral equation.