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Importance sampling for polarization-mode dispersion: techniques and applications

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3 Author(s)
Biondini, G. ; Dept. of Eng. Sci. & Appl. Math., Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL, USA ; Kath, W.L. ; Menyuk, C.R.

The basic theory of importance sampling (IS) as relevant to polarization-mode dispersion (PMD) in optical fibers is discussed, and its application to Monte Carlo (MC) simulations of PMD-induced transmission impairments is demonstrated. The use of IS allows rare PMD events to be simulated much more efficiently than with standard MC methods. As a consequence, methods employing IS provide natural and effective tools to assess PMD-induced impairments and outages in optical transmission systems at realistic probability levels.

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Lightwave Technology, Journal of  (Volume:22 ,  Issue: 4 )