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Optical chemsensors utilizing long-period fiber gratings UV-inscribed in D-fiber with enhanced sensitivity through cladding etching

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4 Author(s)
Chen, X. ; Photonics Res. Group, Aston Univ., Birmingham, UK ; Zhou, K. ; Zhang, L. ; Bennion, I.

A novel implementation of an optical chemsensor device is reported based on long-period fiber grating structures ultraviolet-inscribed in D-fiber, with sensitivity enhancement by cladding etching. The results of a comparative study using D-fiber devices and similar structures in standard optical fiber reveal that the D-fiber devices offer substantially greater sensitivity both with and without etching. Based on a calibrated response to changes in refractive index, the grating devices have been used to measure the concentrations of aqueous sugar solutions, demonstrating the potential capability to detect concentration changes as small as 0.2%.

Published in:

Photonics Technology Letters, IEEE  (Volume:16 ,  Issue: 5 )