By Topic

Compiler-directed physical address generation for reducing dTLB power

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

4 Author(s)
Kadayif, I. ; Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Eng., Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA, USA ; Nath, P. ; Kandemir, M. ; Sivasubramaniam, A.

Address translation using the Translation Lookaside Buffer (TLB) consumes as much as 16% of the chip power on some processors because of its high associativity and access frequency. While prior work has looked into optimizing this structure at the circuit and architectural levels, this paper takes a different approach of optimizing its power by reducing the number of data TLB (dTLB) lookups for data references. The main idea is to keep translations in a set of translation registers, and intelligently use them in software to directly generate the physical addresses without going through the dTLB. The software has to work within the confines of the translation registers provided by the hardware, and has to maximize the reuse of such translations to be effective. We propose strategies and code transformations for achieving this in array-based and pointer-based codes, looking to optimize data accesses. Results with a suite of Spec95 array-based and pointer-based codes show dTLB energy savings of up to 73% and 88%, respectively, compared to directly using the dTLB for all references. Despite the small increase in instructions executed with our mechanisms, the approach can in fact provide performance benefits in certain cases.

Published in:

Performance Analysis of Systems and Software, 2004 IEEE International Symposium on - ISPASS

Date of Conference: