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Heart rate variability and nonlinear analysis of heart rate signals of patients during their stay in a multidisciplinary intensive care unit

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5 Author(s)
V. Papaioannou ; Lab. of Med. Informatics, Aristotle Univ., Thessaloniki, Greece ; N. Maglaveras ; I. Chouvarda ; G. Vretzakis
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Neuroautonomic modulation of heart rate was assessed in patients admitted to a multidisciplinary ICU. Metrics used were performed in 47 patients and included power spectral analysis, approximate entropy (ApEn) estimation and detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA). The resulting values were compared with a previously validated measure of severity of illness, the sequential organ failure assessment score (SOFA). We found decreased variability and approximate entropy and increased DFA scaling exponent α in patients with the highest SOFA, incidence of death and length of stay. Correlations concerning α exponent were stronger for surgical patients with past medical history while decreased ApEn was associated with increased morbidity of surgical patients without medical history.

Published in:

Computers in Cardiology, 2003

Date of Conference:

21-24 Sept. 2003