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Automatic segmentation of thalamus from brain MRI integrating fuzzy clustering and dynamic contours

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4 Author(s)
Amini, L. ; Electr. & Comput. Eng. Dept., Univ. of Tehran, Iran ; Soltanian-Zadeh, H. ; Lucas, C. ; Gity, M.

Thalamus is an important neuro-anatomic structure in the brain. In this paper, an automated method is presented to segment thalamus from magnetic resonance images (MRI). The method is based on a discrete dynamic contour model that consists of vertices and edges connecting adjacent vertices. The model starts from an initial contour and deforms by external and internal forces. Internal forces are calculated from local geometry of the model and external forces are estimated from desired image features such as edges. However, thalamus has low contrast and discontinues edges on MRI, making external force estimation a challenge. The problem is solved using a new algorithm based on fuzzy C-means (FCM) unsupervised clustering, Prewitt edge-finding filter, and morphological operators. In addition, manual definition of the initial contour for the model makes the final segmentation operator-dependent. To eliminate this dependency, new methods are developed for generating the initial contour automatically. The proposed approaches are evaluated and validated by comparing automatic and radiologist's segmentation results and illustrating their agreement.

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Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:51 ,  Issue: 5 )