By Topic

Electromagnetic cave-to-surface mapping system

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

6 Author(s)
J. Sogade ; Dept. of Earth Atmos. & Planetary Sci., Massachusetts Inst. of Technol., Cambridge, MA, USA ; Y. Vichabian ; A. Vandiver ; P. M. Reppert
more authors

This paper presents the principle, design, construction, and methodology for an electromagnetic (EM) system to be used in the detection/location and mapping of underground cavities using surface measurements. The EM instrument consists of a loop-loop transmitter/receiver system with the transmitter placed inside the cavity. The transmitter's position and depth are determined by analyzing the shape and distribution of the transmitted field on the surface. From the perspective of a cylindrical coordinate system, the vertical component of the through rock transmitted magnetic field peaks at the point where the transmitter and receiver are vertically collinear. On the other hand, the horizontal component reaches a minimum at this point. Based on these observations, a procedure is presented and tested that efficiently locates the position as well as the depth of the transmitter. A physical model for the system was developed and compared to the results of calibration experiments, with very good agreement. The model allows the study of different responses for EM waves/fields propagating through a homogenous Earth of different electrical characteristics and therefore enables several type-curves to be generated that aid in the development of an optimal system.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  (Volume:42 ,  Issue: 4 )