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A novel training-based channel estimation scheme is presented for an uncoded layered space-time system that operates in a wideband frequency selective fading environment of a time-varying multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channel. The method uses a pilot matrix consisting of pilot symbols derived from the Paley-Hadamard matrix to estimate the MIMO channel impulse response. The orthogonality of the pilot matrix resolves both the intersymbol interference and the cochannel interference of the wideband MIMO channel. The Toeplitz-like structure of the Paley-Hadamard matrix is exploited to minimise the length of the pilot sequence, reducing pilot symbol overhead. A decision feedback algorithm is used to track the time-varying MIMO channel. Results are presented which demonstrate the performance of the proposed MIMO channel estimator in a layered space-time system for different mobile velocities and system configurations.
Vehicular Technology Conference, 2003. VTC 2003-Fall. 2003 IEEE 58th (Volume:2 )
Date of Conference: 6-9 Oct. 2003