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The paper proposes an adaptive transmission timing control (ATTC) method using reservation packets for broadband variable spreading factor (VSF) CDMA wireless access in the reverse link, in order to increase the link capacity while maintaining advantages such as one-cell frequency reuse in a cellular system in a multi-cell configuration. The difference in the received reservation packet timing due to the propagation delay time is measured by utilizing reservation packets that contain small amounts of information, such as the data types (real-time or non-real time) and the size of the traffic bits in the packet data channel. The transmission timings of the successive packet data channels are controlled so that the received timings of the highest signal power path of the packet data channels of simultaneously accessing users are aligned. The simulation results show that by applying ATTC using reservation packets, the required average received signal energy per bit-to-background noise power spectrum density ratio (Eb/N0) at the average packet error rate of 10-1 is decreased by approximately 6(1) dB compared to the case without ATTC and the loss in the required average received Eb/No from the ideal received timing alignment is 1(0.5) dB, for a six(four)-user environment associated with the spreading factor of SF=8 and in a three-path Rayleigh fading channel, because the dominant multiple access interference, caused by the highest signal power path for each user, is suppressed.
Vehicular Technology Conference, 2003. VTC 2003-Fall. 2003 IEEE 58th (Volume:2 )
Date of Conference: 6-9 Oct. 2003