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Two rectangular loops fed in series for broadband circular polarization and impedance matching

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3 Author(s)
Sumi, M. ; Inst. of Inf. Sci. & Electron., Univ. of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan ; Hirasawa, K. ; Song Shi

Two rectangular wire loops above an infinite ground plane are investigated for broadband circular polarization and impedance matching. Each rectangular loop is connected to each end of a short dipole fed by a coaxial cable through the ground plane. One gap on each loop is introduced to get circular polarization and the gap position controls the sense of circular polarization. The position of the gap, the length of the short dipole, the height of the loop above the ground plane and the shape of the rectangle are very important to get a good axial ratio (AR) and voltage standing-wave ratio (VSWR). The AR bandwidth (≤3 dB) and the VSWR bandwidth (≤2) are 18% and 22%, respectively. The measured and computed results are in good agreement.

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:52 ,  Issue: 2 )