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This paper develops methodologies and techniques for the design, analysis, and implementation of a model reference adaptive predictive temperature controller for a variable-frequency oil-cooling machine, suited for cooling high-speed machine tools. The oil-cooling process is modeled experimentally as a first-order system model with a time delay and its system parameters are identified using the recursive least-square method. Based on this model, a model reference adaptive predictive controller is proposed for achieving set-point tracking and robustness. A real-time model reference adaptive predictive control algorithm is then presented and implemented utilizing a stand-alone digital signal processor TMS320F243 from Texas Instruments Incorporated. The experimental results show that the proposed control method is proven capable of giving satisfactory performance under set-point changes, fixed loads, and load changes.