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This paper considers the analysis and design of a double-pinion-type electric power assist steering (EPAS) control system. A simplified model of the augmented steering assembly-electric motor system is developed using Lagrangian dynamics, and an optimal controller structure for the model is proposed. Three main advances to the state of the art are presented in this paper. First, a state-space design model is used rather than an input-output model. A state-space formulation for a system model that incorporates motor electrical dynamics is obtained with the assist motor angular position as the output. Second, linear quadratic regulator (LQR) and Kalman filter techniques are employed to arrive at an optimal controller for the EPAS system. The selection of weighting coefficients for the LQR cost function is discussed. Finally, the authors present a control strategy that eliminates the steering column torque sensor, a critical component in existing EPAS controller designs. The proposed control strategy presents an opportunity to improve EPAS system performance and also reduce system cost and complexity.