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A novel zero-current-switching PWM boost rectifier with high power factor and low conduction losses

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1 Author(s)
Chien-Ming Wang ; Dept. of Electron. Eng., Lunghwa Univ. of Sci. & Technol., Taoyuan, Taiwan

This paper proposes a new single-phase high power factor rectifier, which features regulation by conventional PWM, soft commutation and instantaneous average line current control. A new zero-current-switching pulse-width modulation (ZCS-PWM) auxiliary circuit is configured in the presented ZCS-PWM rectifier to perform ZCS in the active switches and ZVS in the passive switches. Furthermore, soft commutation of the main switch is achieved without additional current stress by the presented ZCS-PWM auxiliary circuit. A significant reduction in the conduction losses is achieved, since the circulating current for the soft switching flows only through the auxiliary circuit and a minimum number of switching devices are involved in the circulating current path and the proposed rectifier uses a single converter instead of the conventional configuration composed of a four-diode front-end rectifier followed by a boost converter. Nine transition states for describing the behavior of the ZCS-PWM rectifier in one switching period are described. A prototype rated at 1 KW, operating 50 kHz, with an input ac voltage of 220 Vrms and an output voltage 400 Vdc has been implemented in laboratory. An efficiency of 97.3% and power factor over 0.99 has been measured. Analysis, design, and the control circuitry are also presented in this paper.

Published in:

Industrial Electronics Society, 2003. IECON '03. The 29th Annual Conference of the IEEE  (Volume:1 )

Date of Conference:

2-6 Nov. 2003