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Temperature effects on polymer-carbon composite sensors: Evaluating the role of polymer molecular weight and carbon loading

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11 Author(s)
M. L. Homer ; Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Technol., Pasadena, CA, USA ; J. R. Lim ; K. Manatt ; A. Kisor
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We report the effect of temperature coupled with varying polymer molecular weight and carbon loadings on the performance of polymer-carbon black composite films, used as sensing media in the JPL Electronic Nose (ENose). While bulk electrical properties of polymer composites have been studied, with mechanisms of conductivity described by connectivity and tunneling, it is not fully understood how environmental conditions and intrinsic polymer and filler properties affect polymer composite sensor characteristics and responses. Composites of polyethylene oxide (PEO)-carbon black (CB) considered here include PEO polymers with molecular weights of 20K, 600 K and 1M. The effects of polymer molecular weight on the percolation threshold of PEO-carbon composite and incremental sensor temperature effects on PEO-carbon sensor response were investigated. Results show a correlation between the polymer molecular weight and percolation threshold. Changes in sensor properties as a function of temperature are also observed at different carbon loadings; these changes may be explained by a change in conduction mechanism.

Published in:

Sensors, 2003. Proceedings of IEEE  (Volume:2 )

Date of Conference:

22-24 Oct. 2003