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A multi-loop voltage feedback filterless class-D switching audio amplifier using unipolar pulse-width-modulation

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3 Author(s)
Oliva, A.R. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Arkansas Univ., AR, USA ; Ang, S.S. ; Vo, T.V.

Voltage feedback is frequently used in class-D switching audio power amplifiers. This paper discusses the design and implementation of a low-cost filterless class-D, unipolar pulse-width modulation switching audio amplifier having a multi-loop voltage feedback scheme. Classical frequency-compensation techniques are used to design and stabilize the three voltage feedback loops implemented in this application. This design method proves to be a cost-effective solution for designing high-fidelity (hi-fi) audio amplifiers. The cost is reduced because no output filter is used, the required switching frequency is half of the one needed if bipolar PWM was used, and no current sensor is needed for feedback purposes. The output impedance is extremely low due to the reduction of the successive voltage loops, making the amplifier less load dependent. Simulation results show that a total harmonic distortion (THD) of 0.005% can be achieved using this topology, as well as a flat frequency response, free of phase distortion in the audio band. Experimental results show the feasibility of this control scheme, since a THD of 0.05% was achieved with a laboratory prototyped amplifier. A comparison of the performance of this audio amplifier with that of some commercial class-D audio amplifiers, reveals that our design can seriously compete with some of the ICs leading the market at a lower cost.

Published in:

Consumer Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:50 ,  Issue: 1 )