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A leakage-tolerant design technique for high fan-in dynamic logic circuits is presented. An NMOS transistor with gate and drain terminals tied together (diode) is added in series with the evaluation network of standard domino circuits. Due to the stacking effect, the leakage of the evaluation path significantly decreases, thereby improving the robustness of the circuit against deep-submicron subthreshold leakage and input noise. To improve the speed of the circuit, a current mirror is also employed in the evaluation network to increase the evaluation current. The proposed technique (diode-footed domino) exhibits considerable improvement in leakage and noise immunity as compared to the standard domino circuits. Simulation results of wide fan-in gates designed using Berkeley Predictive Technology Models of 70-nm technology demonstrate at least 1.9× noise-immunity improvement at the same delay compared to the standard domino circuits. Dynamic comparators and multiplexers are designed using the diode-footed domino and conventional techniques to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed scheme in improving leakage-tolerance and performance of high fan-in circuits.
Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:51 , Issue: 3 )
Date of Publication: March 2004