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Combination of hyperbolic functions for multimodal biometrics data fusion

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2 Author(s)
Kar-Ann Toh ; Inst. for Infocomm Res., Singapore ; Wei-Yun Yau

In this paper, we treat the problem of combining fingerprint and speech biometric decisions as a classifier fusion problem. By exploiting the specialist capabilities of each classifier, a combined classifier may yield results which would not be possible in a single classifier. The feedforward neural network provides a natural choice for such data fusion as it has been shown to be a universal approximator. However, the training process remains much to be a trial-and-error effort since no learning algorithm can guarantee convergence to optimal solution within finite iterations. In this work, we propose a network model to generate different combinations of the hyperbolic functions to achieve some approximation and classification properties. This is to circumvent the iterative training problem as seen in neural network learning. In many decision data fusion applications, since individual classifiers or estimators to be combined would have attained a certain level of classification or approximation accuracy, this hyperbolic function network can be used to combine these classifiers taking their decision outputs as the inputs to the network. The proposed hyperbolic function network model is first applied to a function approximation problem to illustrate its approximation capability. This is followed by some case studies on pattern classification problems. The model is finally applied to combine the fingerprint and speaker verification decisions which show either better or comparable results with respect to several commonly used methods.

Published in:

Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part B: Cybernetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:34 ,  Issue: 2 )