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Matching two sets of lines is a basic tool that has applications in many computer vision problems such as scene registration, object recognition, motion estimation, and others. Line sets may be composed of infinitely long lines or finite length line segments. Depending on line lengths, three basic cases arise in matching sets of lines: 1) finite-finite, 2) finite-infinite, and 3) infinite-infinite. Case 2 has not been treated in the literature. For Cases 1 and 3, existing algorithms for matching 3D line sets are not completely satisfactory in that they either solve special situations, or give approximate solutions, or may not converge, or are not invariant with respect to coordinate system transforms. In this paper, we present new algorithms that solve exactly all three cases for the general situation. The algorithms are provably convergent and invariant to coordinate transforms. Experiments with synthetic and real 3D image data are reported.