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A novel two-dimensional diversity combining is proposed for the uplink in a single cell which employs multidimensional multicode direct-sequence code-division multiple-access signaling and two receive antennas. First, the signaling is combined with precoding to obtain a constant envelope signal that is suitable for the uplink, and the resulting error detection is applied to the diversity combining. Based on the error detection, an adaptive selection-combining/maximal-ratio combining (SC/MRC) is performed, for which initial data detection is made by the SC to avoid the combining loss of the very noisy paths. When the initial SC is unreliable (indicated by the error detection), the MRC is attempted to fully exploit the space and multipath diversity. The adaptive SC/MRC is generalized to further increase the diversity gain over the MRC, offered by the error-detection capability. Through analysis and simulation results, it is shown that the adaptive SC/MRC and its generalized diversity receiver outperforms the other schemes in terms of the symbol-error rate, and also its bit-error rate can be lower than that of the variable spreading factor scheme using a single code.