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Structural reliability design of plastic packages using Cu-alloy lead-frames

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1 Author(s)
Hideo Miura ; Fracture Res. Inst., Tohoku Univ., Sendai, Japan

The residual stress in silicon chips encapsulated in plastic packages using Cu-alloy frames was measured using stress sensing chips by varying the combination of structure and material of metallic lead-frames and molding resin because the mechanical reliability such as cracking of silicon chips and the shift of the electronic performance of LSI strongly depends on the stress. Since the adhesion condition between a silicon chip and the Cu-alloy frame was unstable due to the large mismatch in thermal expansion coefficient between them, the residual stress after encapsulation varied from tensile stress to high compressive stress depending on the combination of the packaging materials such as die-bonding paste and molding resin. It was found that the residual stress can be controlled and minimized by using the chip-on-lead (COL) type package because the dielectric film between the Cu-alloy frame and a silicon chip acts as a stress relaxation layer.

Published in:

Electronics Packaging Technology, 2003 5th Conference (EPTC 2003)

Date of Conference:

10-12 Dec. 2003