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A novel single-stage high-power-factor electronic ballast obtained from the integration of a buck DC-to-DC converter and a half-bridge resonant inverter is analyzed in this paper. The buck converter is operated in discontinuous conduction mode and at constant frequency providing an input power factor high enough to satisfy present standard requirements. The operation of the proposed ballast is also investigated in detail in this paper, obtaining the important equations and characteristics in order to allow interested readers to perform an easy design. A ballast prototype supplying two 36 W fluorescent lamps has been both simulated and implemented at the laboratory. The results predict good market possibilities for the proposed topology in terms of reliability, cost, efficiency, and lamp life.