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Efficient Algorithms for Channel Routing

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2 Author(s)
Yoshimura, T. ; Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, and the Electronics Research Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA ; Kuh, E.S.

In the layout design of LSI chips, channel routing is one of the key problems. The problem is to route a specified net list between two rows of terminals across a two-layer channel. Nets are routed with horizontal segments on one layer and vertical segments on the other. Connections between two layers are made through via holes. Two new algorithms are proposed. These algorithms merge nets instead of assigning horizontal tracks to individual nets. The algorithms were coded in Fortran and implemented on a VAX 11/780 computer. Experimental results are quite encouraging. Both programs generated optimal solutions in 6 out of 8 cases, using examples in previously published papers. The computation times of the algorithms for a typical channel (300 terminals, 70 nets) are 1.0 and 2.1 s, respectively.

Published in:

Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:1 ,  Issue: 1 )