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Azimuthal ambiguities in synthetic aperture sonar and synthetic aperture radar imagery

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2 Author(s)
Rolt, K.D. ; Dept. of Ocean Eng., MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA ; Schmidt, H.

It is shown that azimuthal ambiguities are not eliminated by the nulls of a sonar (or radar) beam pattern and have a definite influence on image quality. In synthetic aperture systems that are strongly limited in spatial sampling, particularly in ocean borne synthetic aperture sonar (SAS) and spaceborne synthetic aperture radar (SAR), azimuthal ambiguities will corrupt the images unless special measures are taken. These azimuthal aliases may be reduced by emphasizing the centermost portion of the available synthetic aperture length, and deemphasizing the endmost portions. This minimizes the effects from synthetic array elements that most strongly contribute to aliases

Published in:

Oceanic Engineering, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:17 ,  Issue: 1 )