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A square patch antenna using an in-plane biased yttrium iron garnet (YIG) polycrystalline substrate is presented. The patch antenna is fed through a cross-slot with slots of equal or unequal length to control the polarization. The experimental results reveal that the rotation direction of the elliptical polarization was switched between right-hand circular polarization (RHCP) and left-hand circular polarization (LHCP) controlling the axial ratio continuously without switching devices. The antenna gain was also investigated with respect to this polarization switching and the magnetic bias.
Date of Publication: Jan. 2004