Skip to Main Content
In this paper the magnetic characteristics of surface-mounted permanent-magnet machines are analyzed and modeled. The air-gap and zigzag leakage fluxes are analytically expressed in terms of the magnetic material properties and the motor dimensions. Both factors are essential quantities for the accurate prediction of the flux distribution within the machine and of the machine torque. Therefore, they are desired for the purpose of machine design and optimization. In order to evaluate the validity of the proposed models, the finite-element method (FEM) analysis is used. The results show that the errors between the FEM results and analytical predictions are less than 7% for the nonsaturated tooth flux and less than 17% for the saturated case. Finally, the models are applied to a novel permanent-magnet machine design.